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Document Type - Division Filing
Compact, Agreement, or Memorandum of Understanding
37-61-101: Colorado River Compact
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(a) The term "Colorado River System" means that portion of the Colorado River and its tributaries within the <br />United States of America. <br />(b) The term "Colorado River Basin" means all of the drainage area of the Colorado River System and all other <br />territory within the United States of America to which the waters of the Colorado River System shall be beneficially <br />applied. <br />(c) The term "States of the Upper Division" means the States of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. <br />(d) The term "States of the Lower Division" means the States of Arizona, California and Nevada. <br />(e) The "Lee Ferry" means a point in the main stream of the Colorado River one mile below the mouth of the Paria <br />River. <br />(f) The term "Upper Basin" means those parts of the States of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming <br />within and from which waters naturally drain into the Colorado River System above Lee Ferry, and also all parts of <br />said States located without the drainage area of the Colorado River System which are now or shall hereafter be <br />beneficially served by waters diverted from the System above Lee Ferry. <br />(g) The term "Lower Basin" means those parts of the States of Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah <br />within and from which waters naturally drain into the Colorado River System below Lee Ferry, and also all parts of <br />said States located without the drainage area of the Colorado River System which are now or shall hereafter be <br />beneficially served by waters diverted from the System below Lee Ferry. <br />(h) The term "domestic use" shall include the use of water for household, stock, municipal, mining, milling, <br />industrial and other like purposes, but shall exclude the generation of electrical power. <br />Article III <br />(a) There is hereby apportioned from the Colorado River System in perpetuity to the Upper Basin and to the Lower <br />Basin respectively the exclusive beneficial consumptive use of 7,500,000 acre feet of water per annum, which shall <br />include all water necessary for the supply of any rights which may now exist. <br />(b) In addition to the apportionment in paragraph (a) the Lower Basin is hereby given the right to increase its <br />beneficial consumptive use of such waters by one million acre per annum. <br />(c) If, as a matter of international comity, the United States of America shall hereafter recognize in the United <br />States of Mexico any right to the use of any waters of the Colorado River System, such waters shall be supplied first <br />from the waters which are surplus over and above the aggregate of the quantities specified in paragraphs (a) and (b); <br />and if such surplus shall prove insufficient for this purpose, then, the burden of such deficiency shall be equally borne <br />by the Upper Basin and the Lower Basin, and whenever necessary the States of the Upper Division shall deliver at Lee <br />Ferry water to supply one-half of the deficiency so recognized in addition to that provided in paragraph (d). <br />(d) The states of the Upper Division will not cause the flow of the river at Lee Ferry to be depleted below an <br />aggregate of 75,000,000 acre feet for any period of ten consecutive years reckoned in continuing progressive series <br />beginning with the first day of October next succeeding the ratification of this compact. <br />(e) The States of the Upper Division shall not withhold water, and the States of the Lower Division shall not require <br />the delivery of water, which cannot reasonably be applied to domestic and agricultural uses. <br />(f) Further equitable apportionment of the beneficial uses of the waters of the Colorado River System <br />unapportioned by paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) may be made in the manner provided in paragraph (g) at any time after <br />October first, 1963, if and when either basin shall have reached its total beneficial consumptive use as set out in <br />paragraphs (a) and (b). <br />
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